This area of the APCT website provides access to the digital archive of background documents, investigations into the site and buildings, and the repairs and restoration of the Archbishops’ Palace.
Otford Great Park, Little Park and New Park
Susan Pittman (2011) Elizabethan and Jacobean Deer Parks in Kent, PhD Thesis Kent, is available on the Kent Archaeological Society website
One of the appendices provides detailed descriptions of the Otford Park (pp 428-434) and a list of primary sources is given in the bibliography
The Castle House Papers
This is a collection of papers relating to the transfer of Otford Palace site and buildings to the Sevenoaks Rural District Council (now Sevenoaks District Council), and to St Thomas a Becket’s Well which is located in the grounds of Castle House. Some of these have been assembled and made available by kind permission of Irene Roy, the current owner of Castle House.
The Otford Palace Site
- Amhursts of Brooks Place
- Agreements relating to transfer of land 1934-5
- Site plan 1934
- Pearce (1930)
- The Roman Site at Otford
- Otford Palace survey of water course and Castle House grounds March 1978
- Old Otford maps
- Ministry of Works listing 1952
- Kellys Directory 1882
- From Public Records Office
- Elizabeth and William Collier
- Desmond Welband memories
- Correspondence relating to purchase of Palace Estate 1934-35
- Clarke (1967) An outline history of Otford
- Castle House old drawings
- Transfer of land in 1973
St Thomas a Becket’s Well
- Beckets Well photographs undated
- Beckets Well – proposals for repair
- Ancient Monuments Society to McDowell 1969
- Various letters concerning Beckets Well 1954
- Thomas a Beckets Well
- Stoyel to McDowell 831230
- Report upon the water from Beckets Well 520319
- Recovery of Grants on disposal of property
- Pilgrim routes and wells dedicated to St Thomas Becket
- Philp – McDowell June 1974
- Owen Fleming to McDowell 341120
- ODHS Interim report upon excavations at Beckets Well 1951-2
- Ministry of Public Buildings and Works to McDowell 681219
- McDowell to English Heritage 890718
- McDowell and CIB Archeological Rescue 1982
- Maps of Otford Palace undated
- Godwin – McDowell October 1934
- From an unpublished article on Kent wells April 1997
- Filed plan of title K336687 1970
- Department of the Environment to McDowell 831108
- Deller to McDowell 730302
- Beckets Well sketches by R Watt 1931
- Thomas a Beckets Well
The Palace itself
A Statement of archaeological significance can be found here.
The Otford and District Archaeological Society (ODGA) undertook preliminary excavations on the site of the South-East Tower for which planning permission had been given for a small housing development. The report of their findings was published in Archaeologia Cantiana in 1974.
The repair work carried out in 2016 by Piera under the supervision of Thomas Ford and Partners was documented by Rod Shelton in a series of newsletters for the Community. A compilation of the newsletters is available here: Tower newsletter compilation
In 2015, the owners of Castle House applied to build a kitchen extension, necessitating laying a supporting concrete foundation to a depth of 0.45m across an area of 12.5 square metres. Historic England requested that a Written Scheme of Investigation be submitted, followed by limited excavation to determine the likelihood of archaeological features being present. This excavation was carried out by the author in August 2015, assisted by members of West Kent Archaeological Society. Archaeological features were uncovered, and – after consultation with Historic England – it was decided to excavate the whole area. This was duly carried out in 2016. This is the report of that work, included here by kind permission of Kevin Fromings. Castle House final report 2016
A geophysical survey at Castle House was carried out in 2016 to determine through an earth resistance survey whether archaeological remains of 3 different structures exist in the garden of Castle House, those being any remains of Otford Palace, a Roman Villa discovered in 2012/13 in an adjacent field, and also a structure discovered during a small evaluation excavation on the property. The results produced anomalies likely to be associated with the Roman Villa and with the Palace, no anomalies are likely to represent earlier phases of Castle House. The report, by Andrew Putman, Kevin Fromings and Geoff Burr is © West Kent Archaeological Society and is included here by kind permission of the Society. Castle House Geophysics Report
A first step in the conservation of the Gatehouse, was to make a photographic survey of the interior and exterior. This was carried out in August 2018.
Significance Assessments and Change of Use – The Case of Otford Palace
Holly Cooper, a MArch student at the University of Kent, Canterbury studied the Archbishops’ Palace for her final year project.
“This paper aims to cement the prominent role that significance should play, when determining a future for the remaining tower and gatehouse at the Palace. It establishes that an appropriate future strategy can be defined by careful analysis, considering the history, surroundings and current contextual position of the buildings. The dissertation then goes on to examine and evaluate significance using traditional techniques, as defined by Bernard Feilden and The Heritage Lottery Fund, in conjunction with Primary research to evaluate the next phase of life for The Palace, which is currently listed as a scheduled ancient monument.
“The utilisation of original photographs and on site drawings, in conjunction with a knowledge of architectural techniques, unpicks the story left behind within the current site, and provides an insight into any forms of significance not covered by the two conventional methods of analysis. This results in the holistic understanding of the area, which is then used to determine its future role within the village of Otford.
“The research concludes by presenting a strategy for the future of Otford Palace. The Palace is deemed too valuable to be left to ruin, and in a vulnerable state. As its original use is no longer functional or viable, a change of use is inevitable. The heavy community engagement with the building highlights its current cultural significance to the local area, and influences the results accordingly. The investigation finds that the remaining tower at Otford Palace should not fall into private ownership, but instead be utilised as an asset by the local community.”
The final report – Significance Assessments and Change of Use – The Case of Otford Palace – is included here by kind permission of Holly Cooper and the University of Kent.
Historic England Archive papers
A collection of letters 1978-1981 relating to the significance of the Palace, including a description by Anthony Stoyel of the Archiepiscopal Palace at Otford Kent.
From the archives of the Otford and District Historical Society
How did one approach the Otford Palace? Walking from the Otford pond to the Palace it is easy to assume that the slightly elevated lane that passes Chantry Cottage was the access route to the 16C Archbishop ’s Palace. However, a moment’s reflection suggests that this is unlikely.
This article was first published in the Otford History and Heritage Newsletter, Autumn 2019, no 19. It is included in the Otford Palace archive by kind permission of Charles Shee and Alan Williams, editor of the Newsletter.
The Naming of Parks. Medieval Otford had three deer parks. These are usually described as: the Old or Great Park, south-east of the village; the Little Park, south-west of village and adjacent to River Darent; and the New Park, north of the village and bounded by the River Darent to the west. In this article, by reference to estate documents and field names, I suggest that until at least the mid-15th century the park known to us as Little Park was originally called New Park. This is a new finding, and unless researchers are aware of this they may be misled when reading old documents. Prior to the mid-15 century, references to “New Park” are probably referring to what was later called the Little Park. By the mid-16th century the term Little Park was well established, and the name “New Park” was now applied to the separate third park to the north of Otford.
This article, first published in the Otford History and Heritage Newsletter, February 2021, no 25. It is included in the Otford Palace archive by kind permission of Charles Shee and Alan Williams, editor of the Newsletter.